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Publisher Categories in RoMEO

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These are the categories of publisher that are relevant to 'Ethics and International Affairs'.

In general, the lowest category in the list below takes priority regarding copyright and policies. This is not clear and certain, however, for 'Client organisations' and 'Associate organisations'.

It gets complicated when there are more than two levels involved.

Commercial Publisher (Publishing House)

Definition: A company that publishes for profit.
Case/E.g.: Springer Verlag
Guidance: Commercial publishers may both publish their own journals and publish journals on behalf of learned societies and other client organisations. They normally control the rights for their own journals, and may control the rights for the journals of client organisations. However, some client organisations retain their rights.

University Publisher (Academic Publisher, Academic Press, University Press)

Definition: A publishing house run by an educational institution. May publish on behalf of 3rd party organisations
Case/E.g.: Liverpool University Press
Guidance: University publishers often operate the same was as commercial publisher, but are owned and controlled by an academic institution. They may just publish journals from their own institution. They may also publish journals on behalf of learned societies and similar client organisations. Client organisations usually retain their rights.

Client Organisation

Definition: Society or organisation whose journals are published for them by a publishing house
Case/E.g.: Publishing house declarations: 'Published on behalf of...', 'Journal of the ...'
Guidance: Copyright probably held by the client organisation, but not certain. If the publishing house does not allow you to archive, you could contact the client organisation. RoMEO gives the policies of client organisations where known. Otherwise it gives the policies of their publishing house.

Copyright Holder

Definition: Publisher(s) declared as copyright holder(s)
Case/E.g.: Explicit statements - 'Copyright [year] [Name]', 'Owned by...'
Guidance: The policies of the copyright holder take priority over the policies of any other organisations involved in the publication of a journal. Where there are two or more copyright holders, we try to display the more liberal policy. Firstly we select by RoMEO colour in the order Green, Blue, Yellow, and White. If necessary, we then use a weighted algorithm that tries to identify the policy that permits archiving of the most recent version of an article.

To view all the categories, please see the - Full List

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